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Acc 423 Final Exam  III final exam 1 (50 questions)     100%

                                              final exam 2 (51 questions)      100% 

 

Acc 423 Final Exam Intermediate Financial Accounting III final exam 1 (50 questions)

 

1) When the cash proceeds from a bond issued with detachable stock warrants exceed the sum of

the par value of the bonds and the fair market value of the warrants, the excess should be redited

to

A. a liability account.

B. retained earnings.

C.premium on bonds payable.

 D. additional paid-in capital from stock warrants.

 

2) The conversion of preferred stock into common stock requires that any excess of the par value

of the common shares issued over the carrying amount of the preferred being converted should

be

A. treated as a prior period adjustment.

B.reflected currently in income as an extraordinary item.

C. treated as a direct reduction of retained earnings.

D. reflected currently in income, but NOT as an extraordinary item.

 

3) When convertible debt is retired by the issuer, any material difference between the cash

acquisition price and the carrying amount of the debt should be

A. treated as a prior period adjustment.

B. reflected currently in income as an extraordinary item.

C. treated as an adjustment of additional paid-in capital.

D. reflected currently in income, but NOT as an extraordinary item.

 

4) When a corporation issues its capital stock in payment for services, the least appropriate basis

for recording the transaction is the

A. market value of the shares issued.

B. par value of the shares issued.

C. Any of these provides an appropriate basis for recording the transaction.

D. market value of the services received.

 

5) The accounting problem in a lump sum issuance is the allocation of proceeds between the

classes of securities. An acceptable method of allocation is the

A. incremental method.

B. proportional method.

C. either the proportional method or the incremental method.

D. pro forma method.

 

6) Which of the following represents the total number of shares that a corporation may issue

under the terms of its charter?

A. unissued shares

B. issued shares

C. outstanding shares

D. authorized shares

 

7) How should a "gain" from the sale of treasury stock be reflected when using the cost method of  recording treasury stock transactions?

A. As an increase in the amount shown for common stock.

B. As paid-in capital from treasury stock transactions.

 C. As an extraordinary item shown on the income statement.

D. As ordinary earnings shown on the income statement.

8) Treasury shares are

A.  issued and outstanding shares.

B. shares held as an investment by the treasurer of the corporation.

C. issued but NOT outstanding shares.

 D. shares held as an investment of the corporation.

 

9) When treasury stock is purchased for more than the par value of the stock and the cost method

is used to account for treasury stock, what account(s) should be debited?

A. Treasury stock for the purchase price.

 B. Treasury stock for the par value and paid-in capital in excess of par for the excess of the

purchase price over the par value.

C. Treasury stock for the par value and retained earnings for the excess of the purchase price

over the par value.

D. Paid-in capital in excess of par for the purchase price.

 

10) When computing diluted earnings per share, convertible bonds are

A. assumed converted only if they are antidilutive.

B. ignored.

C. assumed converted only if they are dilutive.

D. assumed converted whether they are dilutive or antidilutive.

 

11) In computing earnings per share, the equivalent number of shares of convertible preferred

stock are added as an adjustment to the denominator (number of shares outstanding). If the preferred stock is cumulative, which amount should then be added as an adjustment to the numerator (net earnings)?

A. Annual preferred dividend times the income tax rate

B. Annual preferred dividend

C. Annual preferred dividend divided by the income tax rate

D. Annual preferred dividend times (one minus the income tax rate)

 

12) Antidilutive securities

A. include stock options and warrants whose exercise price is less than the average market price of common stock.

B. should be included in the computation of diluted earnings per share but NOT basic earnings per share.

C. should be ignored in all earnings per share calculations.

D. are those whose inclusion in earnings per share computations would cause basic earnings

per share to exceed diluted earnings per share.

 

13) At its date of incorporation, Wilson, Inc. issued 100,000 shares of its $10 par common stock at $11 per share. During the current year, Wilson acquired 20,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $16 per share and accounted for them by the cost method. Subsequently, these shares

were reissued at a price of $12 per share. There have been no other issuances or acquisitions of

its own common stock. What effect does the reissuance of the stock have on the following

accounts?

 

Retained Earnings | Additional Paid-in Capital

A. Decrease |No effect

B. Decrease |Decrease

C. No effect |No effect

D. No effect |Decrease

 

14) A corporation declared a dividend, a portion of which was liquidating. How would this

distribution affect each of the following?

Additional Paid-in Capital | Retained Earnings

A. No effect | Decrease

B. Decrease | No effect

C. No effect | No effect

D. Decrease | Decrease

 

15) How would the declaration and subsequent issuance of a 10% stock dividend by the issuer

affect each of the following when the market value of the shares exceeds the par value of the

stock?

Additional Common Stock | Paid-in Capital

A. Increase | No effect

B. No effect | No effect

C. Increase | Increase

D. No effect | Increase

 

16) A reclassification adjustment is reported in the

A. statement of comprehensive income as other comprehensive income.

B. income statement as an Other Revenue or Expense.

C. statement of stockholders’ equity.

D. stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.

 

17) Which of the following is correct about the effective-interest method of amortization?

A. Amortization of a premium decreases from period to period.

B. The effective interest method applied to investments in debt securities is different from that

applied to bonds payable.

C. The effective-interest method produces a constant rate of return on the book value of

the investment from period to period.

D. Amortization of a discount decreases from period to period.

 

18) When investments in debt securities are purchased between interest payment dates, preferably the

A. accrued interest is debited to Interest Revenue.

B. securities account should include accrued interest.

C. accrued interest is debited to Interest Receivable.

D. accrued interest is debited to Interest Expense.

 

19) When an investor's accounting period ends on a date that does NOT coincide with an interest

receipt date for bonds held as an investment, the investor must

A. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for the

total amount of interest to be received at the next interest receipt date.

B. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for

the amount of interest accrued since the last interest receipt date.

C. do nothing special and ignore the fact that the accounting period does NOT coincide with the

bond's interest period.

D. notify the issuer and request that a special payment be made for the appropriate portion of

the interest period

 

 

 

 

20) Which of the following is NOT a debt security?

A. Loans receivable

B. Convertible bonds

C. All of these are debt securities.

D. Commercial paper

 

21) Investments in debt securities should be recorded on the date of acquisition at

A. market value.

B. face value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase.

C. lower of cost or market.

D. market value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase

 

22) When a company holds between 20% and 50% of the outstanding stock of an investee, which of the following statements applies?

 A. The investor should use the equity method to account for its investment unless

circum-stances indicate that it is unable to exercise "significant influence" over the investee.

B. The investor should always use the fair value method to account for its investment.

C. The investor should always use the equity method to account for its investment.

D. The investor must use the fair value method unless it can clearly demonstrate the ability to

exercise "significant influence" over the investee.

 

23) An investor has a long-term investment in stocks. Regular cash dividends received by the

investor are recorded as

Fair Value Method | Equity Method

A. A reduction of the investment | A reduction of the investment

B. A reduction of the investment | Income

C. Income | Income

D. Income | A reduction of the investment

 

24) Byner Corporation accounts for its investment in the common stock of Yount Company under the equity method. Byner Corporation should ordinarily record a cash dividend received from 

 Yount as

A. additional paid-in capital.

B. dividend income.

C. a reduction of the carrying value of the investment.

D. an addition to the carrying value of the investment.

 

25) Use of the effective-interest method in amortizing bond premiums and discounts results in

A. a varying amount being recorded as interest income from period to period.

B. a smaller amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result from use of the straight-line method.

C. a greater amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result from use

of the straight-line method.

D. a variable rate of return on the book value of the investment.

 

26) Held-to-maturity securities are reported at

A. acquisition cost plus amortization of a discount.

B. fair value.

C. acquisition cost.

D. acquisition cost plus amortization of a premium.

 

27) Debt securities acquired by a corporation which are accounted for by recognizing unrealized

holding gains or losses and are included as other comprehensive income and as a separate

component of stockholders' equity are

  

A. trading debt securities.

B. never-sell debt securities.

C. held-to-maturity debt securities.

D. available-for-sale debt securities.

 

28) The accounting for fair value hedges records the derivative at its

  

A. carrying value.

B. historical cost.

C. amortized cost.

D. fair value.

 

29) Gains or losses on cash flow hedges are

A. recorded in equity, as part of other comprehensive income.

B. reported directly in retained earnings.

C. ignored completely.

D. reported directly in net income.

 

30) All of the following statements regarding accounting for derivatives are correct EXCEPT that

A. they should be reported at fair value.

B. gains and losses resulting from hedge transactions are reported in different ways, depending

upon the type of hedge.

C. they should be recognized in the financial statements as assets and liabilities.

D. gains and losses resulting from speculation should be deferred.

 

31) The rationale for interperiod income tax allocation is to

A. recognize a distribution of earnings to the taxing agency.

B. adjust income tax expense on the income statement to be in agreement with income taxes

payable on the balance sheet.

C. recognize a tax asset or liability for the tax consequences of temporary differences

that exist at the balance sheet date.

D. reconcile the tax consequences of permanent and temporary differences appearing on the

current year's financial statements.

 

32) Taxable income of a corporation differs from pretax financial income because of

 

Permanent Differences | Temporary Differences

A. No  | Yes

B. Yes | No

C. No  | No

D.Yes | Yes

  

33) Which of the following situations would require interperiod income tax allocation rocedures?

A. Interest received on municipal bonds

B. Proceeds from a life insurance policy on an officer

C. An excess of percentage depletion over cost depletion

D. A temporary difference exists at the balance sheet date because the tax basis of an asset or liability and its reported amount in the financial statements differ

 

34) Which of the following is a temporary difference classified as a revenue or gain that is taxable after it is recognized in financial income?

A. Prepaid royalty received in advance.

B. An installment sale accounted for on the accrual basis for financial reporting purposes and on the installment (cash) basis for tax purposes.

C. Subscriptions received in advance.

D. Interest received on a municipal obligation.

 

35) At the December 31, 2007 balance sheet date, Garth Brooks Corporation reports an accrued receivable for financial reporting purposes but NOT for tax purposes. When this asset is recovered in 2008, a future taxable amount will occur and

A. Garth will record a decrease in a deferred tax liability in 2008.

B. total income tax expense for 2008 will exceed current tax expense for 2008.

C. pretax financial income will exceed taxable income in 2008.

D. Garth will record an increase in a deferred tax asset in 2008.

 

36) Which of the following differences would result in future taxable amounts?

A. Revenues or gains that are taxable before they are recognized in financial income.

B. Revenues or gains that are recognized in financial income but are never included in taxable income.

C. Expenses or losses that are tax deductible after they are recognized in financial income.

D. Expenses or losses that are tax deductible before they are recognized in financial  income.

 

37) In a defined-contribution plan, a formula is used that

A. ensures that pension expense and the cash funding amount will be different.

B. requires an employer to contribute a certain sum each period based on the formula.

C. defines the benefits that the employee will receive at the time of retirement.

D. ensures that employers are at risk to make sure funds are available at retirement.

 

38) In accounting for a defined-benefit pension plan

A. the employer's responsibility is simply to make a contribution each year based on the formula

established in the plan.

B. the expense recognized each period is equal to the cash contribution.

C. an appropriate funding pattern must be established to ensure that enough monies will be  available at retirement to meet the benefits promised.

D. the liability is determined based upon known variables that reflect future salary levels promised to employees.

  

39) In a defined-benefit plan, a formula is used that

A. defines the benefits that the employee will receive at the time of retirement.

B. requires that pension expense and the cash funding amount be the same.

C. requires that the benefit of gain or the risk of loss from the assets contributed to the pension plan be borne by the employee.

D. defines the contribution the employer is to make; no promise is made concerning the ultimate benefits to be paid out to the employees

 

40) A corporation has a defined-benefit plan. An accrued pension cost will result at the end of the first year if the

A. fair value of the plan assets exceeds the accumulated benefit obligation.

 B. amount of employer contributions exceeds the net periodic pension cost.

C. accumulated benefit obligation exceeds the fair value of the plan assets.

D. amount of net periodic pension cost exceeds the amount of employer  contributions.

 

41) In accounting for a pension plan, any difference between the pension cost charged to expense and the payments into the fund should be reported as

A. accrued or prepaid pension cost.

B. an accrued actuarial liability.

C. an offset to the liability for prior service cost.

D. a charge or credit to unrealized appreciation and depreciation.

 

42) The interest on the projected benefit obligation component of pension expense

A. reflects the rates at which pension benefits could be effectively settled.

B. is the same as the expected return on plan assets.

C. reflects the incremental borrowing rate of the employer.

D. may be stated implicitly or explicitly when reported.

 

43) Yeager Co. maintains a defined-benefit pension plan for its employees. At each balance sheet date, Yeager should report a minimum liability at least equal to the

A. projected benefit obligation.

B. unfunded accumulated benefit obligation.

C. accumulated benefit obligation.

D. unfunded projected benefit obligation.

 

44) On January 1, 2008, Pratt Corp. adopted a defined-benefit pension plan. The plan's service cost of $300,000 was fully funded at the end of 2008. Prior service cost was funded by a contribution of $120,000 in 2008. Amortization of prior service cost was $48,000 for 2008. What is the amount of Pratt’s prepaid pension cost at December 31, 2008?

A. $120,000

B. $168,000

C. $72,000

D. $180,000

 

45) Interest cost included in the net pension cost recognized for a period by an employer  sponsoring a defined-benefit pension plan represents the

A. increase in the projected benefit obligation due to the passage of  time.

B. shortage between the expected and actual returns on plan assets.

C. increase in the fair value of plan assets due to the passage of time.

D. amortization of the discount on unrecognized prior service cost.

 

 

46) On January 1, 2005, Foley Corporation acquired machinery at a cost of $250,000. Foley adopted the double-declining balance method of depreciation for this machinery and had been recording depreciation over an estimated useful life of ten years, with no residual value. At the beginning of 2008, a decision was made to change to the straight-line method of depreciation for  the machinery. The depreciation expense to be recorded for the machinery in 2008 is (round to the nearest dollar)

A.  $18,286.

B.  $25,600.

C.  $22,857.

D.  $25,000.

 

47) Accrued salaries payable of $51,000 were NOT recorded at December 31, 2007. Office  supplies on hand of $24,000 at December 31, 2008 were erroneously treated as expense instead of supplies inventory. Neither of these errors was discovered nor corrected. The effect of these two errors would cause

A. 2007 net income and December 31, 2007 retained earnings to be understated $51,000 each.

B. 2008 net income to be understated $75,000 and December 31, 2008 retained earnings to be understated $24,000.

C. 2007 net income to be overstated $27,000 and 2008 net income to be understated $24,000.

D. 2008 net income and December 31, 2008 retained earnings to be understated $24,000 each.

 

48) On January 1, 2005, Lynn Corporation acquired equipment at a cost of $600,000. Lynn adopted the double-declining balance method of depreciation for this equipment and had been recording depreciation over an estimated life of eight years, with no residual value. At the beginning of 2008, a decision was made to change to the straight-line method of depreciation for this equipment. Assuming a 30% tax rate, the cumulative effect of this accounting change on beginning retained earnings, net of tax, is

A. $0.

B. $121,875.

C. $78,750.

D. $77,109.

 

49) The estimated life of a building that has been depreciated 30 years of an originally estimated life of 50 years has been revised to a remaining life of 10 years. Based on this information, the accountant should

A. depreciate the remaining book value over the remaining life of the asset.

B. continue to depreciate the building over the original 50-year life.

C. adjust accumulated depreciation to its appropriate balance, through net income, based on a

40-year life, and then depreciate the adjusted book value as though the estimated life had always been 40 years.

D. adjust accumulated depreciation to its appropriate balance through retained earnings, based

on a 40-year life, and then depreciate the adjusted book value as though the estimated life had always been 40 years.

 

50) Which type of accounting change should always be accounted for in current and future periods?

A. Change in reporting entity

B. Change in accounting principle

C. Change in accounting estimate

D. Correction of an error

 

 

Acc 423 Final Exam Intermediate Financial Accounting III final exam 2 (51 questions)

 

1) Proceeds from an issue of debt securities having stock warrants should NOT be allocated

 between debt and equity features when

A. the allocation would result in a discount on the debt security

B. the warrants issued with the debt securities are nondetachable

C. exercise of the warrants within the next few fiscal periods seems remote

D. the market value of the warrants is NOT readily available

 

2) The conversion of preferred stock may be recorded by the

A. market value method

B. par value method

C. book value method

D. incremental method

 

3) The conversion of preferred stock into common stock requires that any excess of the par value

of the common shares issued over the carrying amount of the preferred being converted should be

A. treated as a prior period adjustment

B. treated as a direct reduction of retained earnings

C. reflected currently in income as an extraordinary item

D. reflected currently in income, but NOT as an extraordinary item

 

4) A primary source of stockholders' equity is

A. contributions by stockholders

B. both income retained by the corporation and contributions by stockholders

C. appropriated retained earnings

D. income retained by the corporation

 

5) Stockholders' equity is generally classified into two major categories:

A. retained earnings and unappropriated capital

B. earned capital and contributed capital

C. appropriated capital and retained earnings

D. contributed capital and appropriated capital

 

6) When a corporation issues its capital stock in payment for services, the least appropriate basis

for recording the transaction is the

A. market value of the shares issued

B. Any of these provides an appropriate basis for recording the transaction

C. par value of the shares issued

D. market value of the services received

 

7) Treasury shares are

A. shares held as an investment by the treasurer of the corporation

B. issued but NOT outstanding shares

C. shares held as an investment of the corporation

D. issued and outstanding shares

 

8) "Gains" on sales of treasury stock (using the cost method) should be credited to

A. paid-in capital from treasury stock

B. other income

C. capital stock

D. retained earnings

9) How should a "gain" from the sale of treasury stock be reflected when using the cost method

of recording treasury stock transactions?

A. As ordinary earnings shown on the income statement

B. As an extraordinary item shown on the income statement

C. As paid-in capital from treasury stock transactions

D. As an increase in the amount shown for common stock

 

10) In computing earnings per share, the equivalent number of shares of convertible preferred

stock are added as an adjustment to the denominator (number of shares outstanding). If the

 preferred stock is cumulative, which amount should then be added as an adjustment to the

numerator (net earnings)?

A. Annual preferred dividend

B. Annual preferred dividend divided by the income tax rate

C. Annual preferred dividend times (one minus the income tax rate)

D. Annual preferred dividend times the income tax rate

 

11) When computing diluted earnings per share, convertible bonds are

A. ignored

B. assumed converted only if they are dilutive

C. assumed converted whether they are dilutive or antidilutive

D. assumed converted only if they are antidilutive

 

12) What effect will the acquisition of treasury stock have on stockholders' equity and earnings

 per share, respectively?

A. Decrease and no effect

B. Increase and decrease

C. Increase and no effect

D. Decrease and increase

 

13) On May 1, 2007, Kent Corp. declared and issued a 10% common stock dividend. Prior to

this dividend, Kent had 100,000 shares of $1 par value common stock issued and outstanding.

The fair value of Kent 's common stock was $20 per share on May 1, 2007. As a result of this

stock dividend, Kent's total stockholders' equity

A. did NOT change

B. increased by $200,000

C. decreased by $10,000

D. decreased by $200,000

 

14) How would the declaration and subsequent issuance of a 10% stock dividend by the issuer

affect each of the following when the market value of the shares exceeds the par value of the

stock?

Additional Common Stock | Paid-in Capital

A. Increase | Increase

B. No effect | No effect

C. Increase | No effect

D. No effect | Increase

 

15) At its date of incorporation, Wilson, Inc. issued 100,000 shares of its $10 par common stock

at $11 per share. During the current year, Wilson acquired 20,000 shares of its common stock at

a price of $16 per share and accounted for them by the cost method. Subsequently, these shares

were reissued at a price of $12 per share. There have been no other issuances or acquisitions of

its own common stock. What effect does the reissuance of the stock have on the following accounts?

Retained Earnings | Additional Paid-in Capital

A. No effect | No effect

B. Decrease | Decrease

C. Decrease | No effect

D. No effect | Decrease

 

16) Which of the following is correct about the effective-interest method of amortization?

A. The effective-interest method produces a constant rate of return on the book value of the investment from period to period.

B. The effective interest method applied to investments in debt securities is different from that

applied to bonds payable.

C. Amortization of a premium decreases from period to period.

D. Amortization of a discount decreases from period to period

 

17) An unrealized holding loss on a company's available-for-sale securities should be reflected in

the current financial statements as

A. other comprehensive income and deducted in the equity section of the balance sheet.

B. an extraordinary item shown as a direct reduction from retained earnings

C. a note or parenthetical disclosure only

D. a current loss resulting from holding securities

 

18) An unrealized holding gain on a company's available-for-sale securities should be reflected

in the current financial statements as

A. other comprehensive income and included in the equity section of the balance sheet.

B. an extraordinary item shown as a direct increase to retained earnings

C. a note or parenthetical disclosure only

D. a current gain resulting from holding securities

 

19) Investments in debt securities should be recorded on the date of acquisition at

A. face value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase

B. lower of cost or market

C. market value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase

D. market value

 

20) Securities which could be classified as held-to-maturity are

A. warrants

B. redeemable preferred stock

C. municipal bonds

D. treasury stock

 

21) Which of the following is NOT a debt security?

A. Commercial paper

B. Convertible bonds

C. Loans receivable

D. All of these are debt securities

 

22) An investor has a long-term investment in stocks. Regular cash dividends received by the

investor are recorded as Fair Value Method | Equity Method

A. A reduction of the investment | A reduction of the investment

B. Income | Income

C. Income | A reduction of the investment

D. A reduction of the investment | Income

 

23) When a company holds between 20% and 50% of the outstanding stock of an investee,

which of the following statements applies?

A. The investor should use the equity method to account for its investment unless circum-

stances indicate that it is unable to exercise "significant influence" over the investee

B. The investor should always use the equity method to account for its investment

C. The investor must use the fair value method unless it can clearly demonstrate the ability to

exercise "significant influence" over the investee

D. The investor should always use the fair value method to account for its investment

 

24) Bista Corporation declares and distributes a cash dividend that is a result of current earnings.

How will the receipt of those dividends affect the investment account of the investor under each

of the following accounting methods? Fair Value Method | Equity Method

A. Increase | Decrease

B. No Effect | Decrease

C. No Effect | No Effect

D. Decrease | No Effect

 

25) Debt securities that are accounted fo

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