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Question(s) / Instruction(s):

All left-handed people in the United States would be classified as a(n):
Answer
a. category
b. organization
c. crowd
d. aggregate
e. group

Members of which of the following think of themselves as belonging together while also interacting with each other?
Answer
a. aggregate
b. group
c. category
d. queue
e. all of the above

Members of which of the following think of themselves as belonging together while also interacting with each other?
Answer
a. aggregate
b. group
c. category
d. queue
e. all of the above

How do sociologists distinguish a group from a crowd?
Answer
a. a group doesn’t necessarily share any common attribute
b. a group doesn’t have ongoing social relations
c. members of a crowd don’t interact with one another
d. a crowd doesn’t necessarily feel a shared identity
e. a group doesn’t usually feel a sense of shared identity

Which of the following are characterized by long-term, intimate, face-to-face relationships?
Answer
a. institutional groups
b. in-groups
c. reference groups
d. primary groups
e. secondary groups

Which of the following is NOT a true statement about primary groups?
Answer
a. Primary groups are essential to an individual’s well being.
b. Primary groups never try to sanction members or otherwise affect their behavior.
c. Primary groups are usually small and long lasting.
d. Primary groups involve intimate, face-to-face interaction.
e. Primary groups’ values become fused into one’s identity.

Which of the following statements is NOT true about in-groups?
Answer
a. In-group members feel loyalty to the group.
b. In-group members are biased in favor of their fellow members.
c. In-group membership is often temporary.
d. In-group members have a sense of belonging.
e. In-groups have a feeling of superiority over out-groups.
People who associate with each other on a regular basis for no other reason than to spend time together are usually members of:
Answer
a. a bureaucratic group
b. a secondary group
c. a social network
d. a primary group
e. a reference group

Question 8

Many sociologists have worried that the modern economy demands both geographic and occupational mobility, which in turn means that industrial and bureaucratic organizations have become the norm. What sort of groups might become less common if people have to move many times in their lives for work?
Answer
a. primary groups
b. categories
c. crowds
d. secondary groups
e. aggregates

Question 9

Some students at a college form an intramural softball team. They play other teams from their school and from the area every Sunday in a conveniently located park. If a sociologist wanted to determine if the team was a primary or a secondary group, which question might he ask?
Answer
a. How skilled are they?
b. How often do they practice?
c. How close are the players to one another in age?
d. How important is winning games?
e. Do they share other hobbies?

Question 10

Which of the following is NOT true regarding the nature of bureaucracies?
Answer
a. People who work in bureaucracies may feel alienation as a result of being treated in terms of roles, rules, and functions, rather than as individuals.
b. No other form of social organization is more efficient.
c. They can be so bound by red tape that their rules impede the purpose of the organization.
d. They have come to dominate modern social life, as predicted by Max Weber.
e. They are organized in a way that breaks down hierarchies of management so that all members feel a sense of equality with one another.

Question 11

A high school decides that its band needs to wear uniforms. In order to be more efficient, the school only buys uniforms in three sizes and forces students to pick the size that comes closest to fitting. What process described in Chapter 6 is this an example of?
Answer
a. rationalization
b. commodification
c. network theory
d. virtual communities
e. group dynamics

Question 12

Which of the following is an example of McDonaldization, as George Ritzer used the
term?
Answer
a. A small farmer who raises organic free-range chickens says, “Sometimes it’s really hard, waking up before dawn, and working to keep your flocks healthy, but in the end it’s very rewarding, both emotionally and financially.”
b. An apprentice that makes guitars in a workshop says, “You would never believe the hard work, the discipline that go into the making of a single guitar, often custom made, for a specific client. It takes hundreds of hours of hard, careful labor, every step deliberated.”
c. The McLibel support campaign, created to support members of a London environmental group being sued by McDonald’s for libel over the contents of a fact sheet that they distributed.
d. A worker says, “Sometimes I felt just like a robot. You push a button and you go this way. You become a mechanical nut.”
e. A guest at a bed-and-breakfast said, “It was marvelous, the innkeepers treated us like family. It was so comfortable and friendly, and charming and romantic.

Question 13

In The Omnivore’s Dilemma, Michael Pollan offers a “natural history” of four meals that his family ate. The last of these meals was composed exclusively of things that he had personally foraged or hunted for. What do we call people who often eat meals like this?
Answer
a. locavores
b. out-groups
c. McDonaldized
d. dyads
e. burners

Question 14

The sociologist Duncan Watts examined the way that individuals may change their minds about who to vote for based on the opinions of friends and acquaintances. What concept was Watts studying?
Answer
a. bureaucracy
b. rationalization
c. social networks
d. the McDonaldization of society
e. charismatic authority

Question 15

In 2003 the U.S. Army discovered Saddam Hussein hiding in a “spider hole” under a small building in his hometown, Tikrit. The Army had tracked him to that location not by looking for him directly, but rather by creating a large “map” that displayed all the members of his family and tribe and showed their linkages to other people. Starting with just four names, the map allowed Army intelligence to zero in on a small number of people whose relationships with Hussein made it more likely that they would know where he was. The search for Saddam Hussein demonstrated the practical applications of:
Answer
a. out-groups
b. groupthink
c. in-groups
d. network analysis
e. group cohesion

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