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     41.     The generally accepted method of accounting for gains or losses from the early extinguishment of debt treats any gain or loss as
a.     an adjustment to the cost basis of the asset obtained by the debt issue.
b.     an amount that should be considered a cash adjustment to the cost of any other debt issued over the remaining life of the old debt instrument.
c.     an amount received or paid to obtain a new debt instrument and, as such, should be amortized over the life of the new debt.
d.     a difference between the reacquisition price and the net carrying amount of the debt which should be recognized in the period of redemption.

     P42.     "In-substance defeasance" is a term used to refer to an arrangement whereby
a.     a company gets another company to cover its payments due on long-term debt.
b.     a governmental unit issues debt instruments to corporations.
c.     a company provides for the future repayment of a long-term debt by placing purchased securities in an irrevocable trust.
d.     a company legally extinguishes debt before its due date.

     P43.     A corporation borrowed money from a bank to build a building. The long-term note signed by the corporation is secured by a mortgage that pledges title to the building as security for the loan. The corporation is to pay the bank $80,000 each year for 10 years to repay the loan. Which of the following relationships can you expect to apply to the situation?
a.     The balance of mortgage payable at a given balance sheet date will be reported as a long-term liability.
b.     The balance of mortgage payable will remain a constant amount over the 10-year period.
c.     The amount of interest expense will decrease each period the loan is outstanding, while the portion of the annual payment applied to the loan principal will increase each period.
d.     The amount of interest expense will remain constant over the 10-year period.

     S44.     A debt instrument with no ready market is exchanged for property whose fair market value is currently indeterminable. When such a transaction takes place
a.     the present value of the debt instrument must be approximated using an imputed interest rate.
b.     it should not be recorded on the books of either party until the fair market value of the property becomes evident.
c.     the board of directors of the entity receiving the property should estimate a value for the property that will serve as a basis for the transaction.
d.     the directors of both entities involved in the transaction should negotiate a value to be assigned to the property.
     45.     When a note payable is issued for property, goods, or services, the present value of the note is measured by
a.     the fair value of the property, goods, or services.
b.     the market value of the note.
c.     using an imputed interest rate to discount all future payments on the note.
d.     any of these.

     46.     When a note payable is exchanged for property, goods, or services, the stated interest rate is presumed to be fair unless
a.     no interest rate is stated.
b.     the stated interest rate is unreasonable.
c.     the stated face amount of the note is materially different from the current cash sales price for similar items or from current market value of the note.
d.     any of these.

     47.     Discount on Notes Payable is charged to interest expense
a.     equally over the life of the note.
b.     only in the year the note is issued.
c.     using the effective-interest method.
d.     only in the year the note matures.

     48.     Which of the following is an example of "off-balance-sheet financing"?

  1.      Non-consolidated subsidiary.
  2.      Special purpose entity.
  3.      Operating leases.

a.     1
b.     2
c.     3
d.     All of these are examples of "off-balance-sheet financing."

     S49.     When a business enterprise enters into what is referred to as off-balance-sheet financing, the company
a.     is attempting to conceal the debt from shareholders by having no information about the debt included in the balance sheet.
b.     wishes to confine all information related to the debt to the income statement and the statement of cash flow.
c.     can enhance the quality of its financial position and perhaps permit credit to be obtained more readily and at less cost.
d.     is in violation of generally accepted accounting principles.

     S50.     Long-term debt that matures within one year and is to be converted into stock should be reported
a.     as a current liability.
b.     in a special section between liabilities and stockholders’ equity.
c.     as noncurrent.
d.     as noncurrent and accompanied with a note explaining the method to be used in its liquidation.


     51.     Which of the following must be disclosed relative to long-term debt maturities and sinking fund requirements?
a.     The present value of future payments for sinking fund requirements and long-term debt maturities during each of the next five years.
b.     The present value of scheduled interest payments on long-term debt during each of the next five years.
c.     The amount of scheduled interest payments on long-term debt during each of the next five years.
d.     The amount of future payments for sinking fund requirements and long-term debt maturities during each of the next five years.

     52.     Note disclosures for long-term debt generally include all of the following except
a.     assets pledged as security.
b.     call provisions and conversion privileges.
c.     restrictions imposed by the creditor.
d.     names of specific creditors.

     53.     The times interest earned ratio is computed by dividing
a.     net income by interest expense.
b.     income before taxes by interest expense.
c.     income before income taxes and interest expense by interest expense.
d.     net income and interest expense by interest expense.

     54.     The debt to total assets ratio is computed by dividing
a.     current liabilities by total assets.
b.     long-term liabilities by total assets.
c.     total liabilities by total assets.
d.     total assets by total liabilities.

     *55.     In a troubled debt restructuring in which the debt is continued with modified terms and the carrying amount of the debt is less than the total future cash flows,
a.     a loss should be recognized by the debtor.
b.     a gain should be recognized by the debtor.
c.     a new effective-interest rate must be computed.
d.     no interest expense or revenue should be recognized in the future.

     *56.     A troubled debt restructuring will generally result in a
a.     loss by the debtor and a gain by the creditor.
b.     loss by both the debtor and the creditor.
c.     gain by both the debtor and the creditor.
d.     gain by the debtor and a loss by the creditor.

     *57.     In a troubled debt restructuring in which the debt is settled by a transfer of assets with a fair market value less than the carrying amount of the debt, the debtor would recognize
a.     no gain or loss on the settlement.
b.     a gain on the settlement.
c.     a loss on the settlement.
d.     none of these.


     *58.     In a troubled debt restructuring in which the debt is continued with modified terms, a gain should be recognized at the date of restructure, but no interest expense should be recognized over the remaining life of the debt, whenever the
a.     carrying amount of the pre-restructure debt is less than the total future cash flows.
b.     carrying amount of the pre-restructure debt is greater than the total future cash flows.
c.     present value of the pre-restructure debt is less than the present value of the future cash flows.
d.     present value of the pre-restructure debt is greater than the present value of the future cash flows.

     *59.     In a troubled debt restructuring in which the debt is continued with modified terms and the carrying amount of the debt is less than the total future cash flows, the creditor should
a.     compute a new effective-interest rate.
b.     not recognize a loss.
c.     calculate its loss using the historical effective rate of the loan.
d.     calculate its loss using the current effective rate of the loan.

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